The primary application for melamine is in decorative and protective laminates used to manufacture furniture, flooring and fiberboard. Nearly 50 percent of the melamine produced today is used for construction materials such as HPL (High Pressure Laminate) used for countertops or LPL (Low Pressure Laminate) used for laminate flooring, ready-to-assemble furniture and whiteboards found in nearly every office and conference room. Melamine enables manufacturers of these products to create hard, highly durable, glossy, long-wearing surfaces.
Another significant application for melamine (approximately 30 percent of production) is impregnating resins and adhesive resins used in the wood-processing industry for production of Particleboard (PB) and Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF). Resins containing melamine, can be added to softwoods to form high-quality panels and building support materials – products traditionally manufactured with expensive and slow-growing hardwoods. As such, resins containing melamine are added to wood chips and waste wood products to manufacture Particleboard (PB), Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF), Oriented Strand Board (OSB), and Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) to meet the needs of the construction industry while saving valuable hardwood forests around the globe.
Melamine is also used to produce various surface coatings, enamels and automotive paint additives. High-quality melamine is also used to manufacture a wide variety of household, commercial and industrial molded products; such as specialty papers; treat textiles such as upholstery fabrics, flame-retardant clothing, heat resistant gloves and aprons, and thermal liners.